TABLE A Comparative Construction Statistics by Type of Construction
|Second Quarter, 2018 and 2017|
|(Details may not add up to total due to rounding)|
|Type of Construction||Second Quarter 2018
(April - June)
|Second Quarter 2017
(April - June)
|Floor Area (sq.m.)||8,841,255||7,116,728|
|Value (PHP '000)||101,178,491||75,857,887|
|Floor Area (sq.m.)||5,037,014||3,531,772|
|Value (PHP '000)||56,988,537||35,683,429|
|Floor Area (sq.m.)||3,670,097||3,472,349|
|Value (PHP '000)||37,531,609||33,839,040|
|Floor Area (sq.m.)||134,144||112,607|
|Value (PHP '000)||1,012,059||908,301|
Alterations and Repairs
|Value (PHP '000)||5,646,286||5,427,118|
Number of constructions up by 11.7 percent during the second quarter of 2018
- Total number of constructions in the second quarter of 2018 reached 40,182, according to the preliminary results of construction statistics from approved building permits. This reflects an increase of 11.7 percent from the 35,983 constructions recorded during the same quarter in 2017.
- The number of residential building constructions reached 29,060 or 8.3 percent increment from the 26,827 projects reported during the same period of 2017. All types of residential constructions, except for duplex/quadruplex and other residential, increased in number as follows: apartment/accessoria (53.5%), residential condominiums (40.0%), and single-type houses (4.1%).
- Meanwhile, non-residential constructions with 5,644 projects increased by 16.1 percent from 4,861 projects reported during the same period of previous year. The growth was brought about by the two-digit increase in number of constructions of the following: agricultural buildings with 349 (57.2%), institutional building with 1,221 (35.1%), industrial buildings with 624 (10.6%) and commercial buildings with 3,329 (10.0%).
- Additions to existing structures increased to 1,511 projects from 1,208 during the same period of previous year or an increase of 25.1 percent. Likewise, combined number of alterations and repairs of existing structures increased by 28.5 percent with 3,967 from 3,087 recorded of previous year.
Figure 1 compares the number of constructions by type for the second quarters of 2018 and 2017.
- The top five regions, in terms of number of constructions, collectively comprised 63.1 percent of the total constructions. CALABARZON led these regions with a total of 9,608 (23.9%) constructions. Region III (Central Luzon) ranked second with 5,028 (12.5%) constructions. Other regions in the top five were:
- Central Visayas with 4,555 (11.3%) constructions
- Ilocos Region with 3,123 (7.8%) constructions
- National Capital Region (NCR) with 3,043 (7.6%) constructions
Figure 2 shows the distribution of constructions by region.
- At the provincial level, the top ten provinces in terms of the number of construction projects accounted for 46.8 percent of the total projects. Cavite topped the list of provinces with 4,479 (11.1%) constructions, followed by Laguna and Bulacan with respective shares of 2,241 (5.6%) and 1,910 (4.8%) constructions. Completing the top ten provinces with the most number of constructions were:
- Cebu with 1,754 (4.4%) constructions
- Bohol with 1,574 (3.9%) constructions
- Fourth District of NCR with 1,499 (3.7%) constructions
- Batangas with 1,471 (3.7%) constructions
- Iloilo with 1,400 (3.5%) constructions
- Pampanga with 1,303 (3.2%) constructions
- Negros Oriental with 1,165 (2.9%) constructions
- The highest increase of 46.5 percent was posted by Bulacan with 1,910 constructions, from 1,304 constructions recorded during the same period a year ago.
Total value of constructions increased by 33.4 percent
- Total value of constructions, estimated at PHP101.2 billion, went up by 33.4 percent compared with the registered amount of PHP75.9 billion in the second quarter of 2017.
- Residential constructions, valued at PHP57.0 billion, increased by 59.7 percent from the PHP35.7 billion recorded during the same quarter of 2017. This was attributed to the increase in construction values of apartment/accessoria (53.5%), residential condominiums (40.0%) and single-type houses (4.1%).
- Construction value of non-residential buildings, amounting to PHP37.5 billion, increased by 10.9 percent compared with the PHP33.8 billion construction value recorded during the second quarter of previous year. This was due to the double-digit increase in the construction values of agricultural (54.7%) and institutional (53.0%) buildings.
- Similarly, construction values for addition to existing structures at PHP1.0 billion increased by 11.4 percent from PHP0.9 billion posted in the same period of 2017. Combined construction values of alteration and repair of existing structures, estimated at PHP5.6 billion, increased by 4.0 percent from the registered value of PHP5.4 billion in the same quarter of 2017.
Figure 3 compares the value of constructions by type for the second quarters of 2018 and 2017.
- In terms of value of construction, the combined shares of the top five regions, amounting to PHP79.1 billion, comprised 78.2 percent of the total value of construction. NCR, ranking fifth in the number of construction projects, occupied the top slot in terms of value of construction which was estimated at PHP33.8 billion or 33.4 percent of the total value of construction. Other regions in the top five list for the second quarter of 2018 were:
- CALABARZON, PHP14.8 billion (14.6%)
- Central Visayas, PHP11.4 billion (11.2%)
- Central Luzon, PHP10.1 billion (10.0%)
- Davao Region, PHP9.0 billion (8.9%)
Average cost per square meter of residential-type construction increases by 12.0 percent
- Average cost per square meter of residential constructions for the second quarter of 2018 was estimated at PHP11,314 which was higher by 12.0 percent from the previous year’s average cost of PHP10,104. This was brought about by the increases in the average cost per square meter of duplex/quadruplex (37.4%), other residential (19.4%) and single-type houses (4.7%).
- Single-type houses numbering to 24,787 projects or 85.3 percent of the total residential constructions dominated all types. The value of construction for this type of residential construction amounted to PHP23.5 billion with a total area of 2.5 million square meters or an average cost per square meter of PHP9,358.
- Apartment/accessoria-type units had 3,734 projects or 12.8 percent of the total residential constructions. This type of construction, valued at PHP7.6 billion, had a total floor area of 1.1 million square meters or an average cost per square meter of PHP7,035.
- Duplex/quadruplex-type dwellings, which came in next to apartment/accessoria-type, had 464 projects or 1.6 percent of the total residential constructions. For this type of residential construction, total value amounted to PHP0.8 billion and total floor area of 68.7 thousand square meters or an average cost per square meter of PHP11,314.
- Residential condominiums, numbering to only 35 projects, compose only 0.1 percent of the total. Total value of construction for this type amounted to PHP25.0 billion with a total floor area 1.4 million square meters or an average cost of PHP18,298 per square meter.
Figure 4 displays the number and value of residential constructions by type for the second quarter of 2018.
Average cost per square meter of non-residential constructions is PHP10,226
- Average cost per square meter of non-residential construction was recorded at PHP10,226. This figure was 4.9 percent higher than the PHP9,745 recorded value during the same period of 2017. The increment was attributed to the increase in the average cost per square meter of institutional (9.5%), industrial (6.3%) and commercial (2.6%) buildings. On the other hand, a decrease in the average cost per square meter was noted in other non-residential (46.7 %) and agricultural building (3.8%).
- Among non-residential constructions, commercial-type posted the highest number of constructions at 3,329 or 59.0 percent of the total non-residential constructions. Construction value for this type was estimated at PHP20.4 billion with a total floor area of 1.8 million square meters or an average cost per square meter of PHP11,363.
- Institutional-type buildings with 1,221 constructions or 21.6 percent of the total came next to commercial-type building. Institutional-type buildings, valued at PHP11.0 billion, had a total floor area of 836.3 thousand square meters which made the average cost per square meter at PHP13,185.
- Industrial-type buildings came third with 624 (11.1%) units. Total construction value for this type was estimated at PHP4.7 billion with a total floor area of 729.4 thousand square meters or an average cost per square meter of PHP6,380.
- Agricultural-type buildings recorded a total of 349 constructions or 6.2 percent of the total non-residential constructions. Construction value for this type amounted to PHP1.3 billion with a total floor area of 305.3 thousand square meters or an average cost per square meter of PHP4,136.
Figure 5 shows the number and value of non-residential constructions by type for the second quarter of 2018.
CONSTRUCTION STATISTICS FROM APPROVED BUILDING PERMITS
This Special Release presents the preliminary data on construction statistics from approved building permits for the second quarter of 2018, generated 60 calendar days after the reference quarter.
For this publication, data for the provinces of Tawi-Tawi, Sulu and Lanao del Sur are not included in the tabulation as these provinces did not submit any approved building permit before the generation of preliminary tables. However, if any, these are to be included in the annual tabulation.
Data are presented at the provincial level by type of construction in Tables 1 to 7.
Scope and Coverage
Construction statistics from approved building permits relate to administrative-based data on new constructions and additions, alterations and repairs of existing residential and non-residential buildings and other structures proposed to be constructed in all cities/municipalities of the country in a specific period.
Sources of Information
Construction statistics are compiled by the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) from the copies of original application forms of approved building permits as well as from the demolition and fencing permits collected every month by PSA field personnel from the Offices of Local Building Officials (LBOs) nationwide.
- Data on building constructions refer to those approved applications during the reference period and not to construction work completed during the reference period.
- The completeness of the number of building permits collected relies on the approval of applications filed with the LBOs. Hence, private building constructions without approved building permits are excluded in the tabulation of data.
Building constructions are classified and presented by geographic area using the Philippine Standard Geographic Classification (PSGC) as of December 2017. The PSGC contains the latest updates on the official number of regions, provinces, cities, municipalities and barangays in the Philippines.
Construction statistics utilizes the 2009 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC) to identify the industrial classification of the structure proposed for construction through its use or character of occupancy.
The number of building permit forms accomplished by the applicant comes in five (5) copies. The “NSO copy” of the approved building permit is made available within the first five (5) working days after each reference month. Collections of these documents from the LBO under a certain city/municipality are undertaken by PSA field personnel within this period.
Collected documents for each month are properly checked as to its completeness by verifying the beginning and ending numbers indicated in the permit numbers. Missing numbers are indicated, with corresponding reasons, in the transmittal. In cases where there is no construction in a given month in a municipality, a certification that there was no approved building permit during the reference period is provided by the LBO to the PSA field staff.
Copies of documents collected from the offices of LBOs are properly controlled, sorted, edited and coded, folioed and encoded in the PSA provincial offices. Collected approved building permits undergo manual and machine processing both at the Central Office (CO) and Field Office (FO). The collected documents are kept at the FO while data files are forwarded to CO.
Manual processing includes receipt and control, editing and coding while machine processing includes data encoding, data merging, data validation and generation of statistical tables. Both the CO and FO utilize the Building Permit Computer System (BPCS) for machine processing of documents. The CO is responsible for validation, consolidation and generation of preliminary tables. During machine validation, inconsistent and invalid entries which are flagged in an error listing are corrected in the data file.
Data files received after the cut-off dates of submission set for each quarter are included in the generation of annual tables. Preliminary results are based from data files that have undergone data processing in the provincial offices and have been validated at the CO. The preliminary tables are revised to include building permit documents received after the cut-off period in the annual tabulation.
Construction statistics generated from approved building permits provide monthly administrative-based data on building construction at the municipality level nationwide. Statistics generated are the following:
- floor area
- type of construction
- value of construction
The statistical tables are presented at the regional and provincial levels by type of construction and by period according to form of ownership.
Aside from the preliminary tables posted in the PSA website, annual, quarterly and monthly statistical tables at the municipality level by type of construction and by form of ownership are available at the Industry Statistics Division (ISD) under the Economic Sector Statistics Service (ESSS) of the PSA.
Other special tabulations may also be made available upon request, addressed to the Undersecretary, National Statistician and Civil Registrar General, Philippine Statistics Authority, 2nd Floor PSA-Tam Building PSA Complex, East Avenue, Diliman, Quezon City.
Preliminary and final results of construction statistics generated from approved building permits are made public in the form of Quarterly Special Releases posted in the PSA website (www.psa.gov.ph) 60 days after the reference quarter and Annual Special Release, eight months after the reference year, respectively. The Quarterly Special Releases are reports containing the preliminary results of construction statistics generated 60 days after the reference quarter while the Annual Special Release is a consolidated report of the quarterly preliminary data incorporating documents which are submitted after the cut-off dates for each quarter.
Definition of Terms (Adopted from the Revised and Updated IRR of the National Building Code)
Building permit is a written authorization granted by the LBO to an applicant allowing him to proceed with the construction of a specific project after plans, specifications and other pertinent documents have been found to be in conformity with the National Building Code (PD 1096).
Building refers to any independent, free-standing structure comprised of one or more rooms or other spaces, covered by a roof and enclosed with external walls or dividing walls, which extend from the foundation to the roof.
Construction refers to all on-site work done from site preparation, excavation, foundation, assembly of all the components and installation of utilities, machineries and equipment of buildings/structures.
Residential building is a building for which its major parts or more than half of its gross floor area is built for dwelling purposes. This type of building can be of the single type, duplex, an apartment and/or accessoria and residential condominium.
Single house is a complete structure intended for a single family or household, i.e. bungalow, 2-storey house, nipa hut.
Duplex house is a structure intended for two households, with complete living facilities for each; it is a single structure divided into two dwelling units by a wall extending from the floor to the ceiling.
Apartment is a structure, usually of two storeys, made up of independent living quarters, with independent entrances from internal walls and courts.
Accesoria is a one or two-floor structure divided into several dwelling units, each dwelling unit having its own separate entrance from the outside.
Residential condominium is a structure, usually of several storeys, consisting of multiple dwelling units.
Other residential construction consists of school or company staff houses, living quarters for drivers and maids, and guardhouses.
Non-residential building includes commercial, industrial, agricultural and institutional buildings.
Commercial buildings refer to office buildings and all buildings which are intended for use primarily in wholesale, retail and service trades; i.e. stores, hotels, restaurants, banks, disco houses, etc.
Industrial buildings are all buildings used to house the production, assembly and warehousing activities of industrial establishments; i.e. factories, plants, mills, repair shops, machine shops, printing press, storage plant, electric generating plants.
Institutional buildings are buildings which primarily engaged in providing educational instructions and hospital/health care; ports, airports and other government buildings; i.e. school, museums, libraries, sanitaria, churches, hospitals.
Agricultural buildings are buildings used to house livestock, plants and agricultural products such as barn, poultry house, piggeries, stables, greenhouses and grain mill.
Other non-building constructions include cemetery structures, street furniture, waiting sheds, communication towers, etc.
Addition refers to any new construction which increases the height or area of an existing building/structure.
Repair is a remedial work done on any damaged or deteriorated portion/s of a building/structure to restore its original condition.
Renovation is any physical change made on structures to increase the value, quality and to improve the aesthetic.
Alteration is a construction in a building/structure involving changes in the materials used, partitioning and location/size of openings, structural parts, existing utilities and equipment but does not increase the overall area thereof.
Conversion is a change in the use or occupancy of structure or any portion thereof, which has different requirements.
Demolitions refer to the systematic dismantling or destruction of a building/structure, in whole or in part.
Street furniture are street structures consisting of monuments, waiting sheds, benches, plant boxes, lampposts, electric poles and telephone poles.
Floor area of building refers to the sum of the area of each floor of the building measured to the outer surface of the outer walls including the area of lobbies, cellars, elevator shafts and all communal spaces in multi-dwellings. Areas of balconies are excluded.
Total value of construction refers to the sum of the cost of building, electrical, mechanical, plumbing, and others. The value is derived from the approved building permit and represents the estimated value of the building or structure when completed.