Population of Region X - Northern Mindanao (Based on the 2015 Census of Population)

Release Date: June 4, 2016
  • The population of Region X (Northern Mindanao) as of August 1, 2015 was 4,689,302 based on the 2015 Census of Population (POPCEN 2015).
Table 1. Population of Region X - Northern Mindanao
(Based on the 2000, 2010, and 2015 Censuses)
Census Year Census Reference Date Population
(in millions)
2000 May 1, 2000 3.51
2010 May 1, 2010 4.30
2015 August 1, 2015 4.69
  • The 2015 population of the region is higher by 391,979 compared with the population of 4.30 million in 2010, and by 1.18 million compared with the population of 3.51 million in 2000. Refer to Table 1.
  • The population of Region X increased by 1.68 percent annually, on average, during the period 2010 to 2015. By comparison, the rate at which the region’s population grew during the period 2000 to 2010 was higher at 2.06 percent. See Table 2.
Table 2. Annual Population Growth Rate:
Region X - Northern Mindanao
(Based on the 2000, 2010, and 215 Censuses)
Reference Period Annual Population Growth Rate
(in percent)
2010-2015 1.68
2000-2010 2.06
  • Among the five provinces comprising the region, Bukidnon had the biggest population in 2015 with 1.42 million. It was followed by Misamis Oriental (excluding Cagayan de Oro City) with 889 thousand, Lanao del Norte (excluding Iligan City) with 676 thousand, and Misamis Occidental with 602 thousand. Camiguin had the smallest population with 88 thousand. Refer to Table 3.
  • The region has two highly urbanized cities (HUCs). Cagayan de Oro City posted a population of 676 thousand while Iligan City had a population of 343 thousand.
  • The total population of Region X accounted for about 4.6 percent of the Philippine population in 2015. 
Table 3. Population by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 
Region X - Northern Mindanao
(Based on the 2000, 2010, and 2015 Censuses)
Province/Highly Urbanized City Population (in thousands)
2000 2010 2015
Bukidnon 1,060 1,299 1,415
Camiguin 74 84 88
Lanao del Norte (excluding Iligan City) 473 608 676
Iligan City 285 323 343
Misamis Occidental 487 568 602
Misamis Oriental (excluding Cagayan de Oro City) 664 814 889
Cagayan de Oro City 462 602 676
  • Lanao del Norte (excluding Iligan City) was the fastest growing province in the region with an average annual population growth rate (PGR) of 2.05 percent during the period 2010 to 2015. It was followed by Misamis Oriental (excluding Cagayan de Oro City) with 1.68 percent, Bukidnon (1.64 percent), and Misamis Occidental (1.13 percent). Camiguin posted the lowest provincial PGR of 1.04 percent. See Table 4.
  • Cagayan de Oro City posted a PGR of 2.23 percent while Iligan City had a PGR of 1.14 percent.
Table 4. Annual Population Growth Rate by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 
Region X - Northern Mindanao
(Based on the 2000, 2010, and 2015 Censuses)
Province/Highly Urbanized City Population Growth Rate
2010-2015 2000-2010
Bukidnon 1.64 2.05
Camiguin 1.04 1.22
Lanao del Norte (excluding Iligan City) 2.05 2.54
Iligan City 1.14 1.25
Misamis Occidental 1.13 1.55
Misamis Oriental (excluding Cagayan de Oro City) 1.68 2.05
Cagayan de Oro City 2.23 2.69
  • Region X is composed of two highly urbanized cities, seven component cities, 84 municipalities, and 2,022 barangays.
  • Among the cities (excluding Cagayan de Oro City and Iligan City) and municipalities in the region, the largest in terms of population size is the City of Valencia, Bukidnon with 192,993 persons. It was followed by the City of Malaybalay, Bukidnon (174,625) and Ozamis City, Misamis Occidental (141,828). Refer to Table 5.
Table 5. Top Ten Most Populous Cities*/Municipalities:
Region X - Northern Mindanao, 2015
Rank City/Municipality Province Population
1 City of Valencia Bukidnon 192,993
2 City of Malaybalay Bukidnon 174,625
3 Ozamis City Misamis Occidental 141,828
4 Gingoog City Misamis Oriental 124,648
5 Quezon Bukidnon 104,116
6 Maramag Bukidnon 102,089
7 Manolo Fortich Bukidnon 100,210
8 Tagoloan Misamis Oriental 73,150
9 Talakag Bukidnon 71,644
10 Oroquieta City Misamis Occidental 70,757

                                  * Excluding Cagayan de Oro City and Iligan City

  • Guinsiliban in Camiguin is the least populous city/municipality in Region X with 6,281 persons. It was followed by two municipalities in Misamis Oriental - Binuangan (7,515) and Sugbongcogon (9,226). See Table 6.
Table 6. Ten Least Populous Cities*/Municipalities:
Region X - Northern Mindanao, 2015
Rank City/Municipality Province Population
1 Guinsiliban Camiguin 6,281
2 Binuangan Misamis Oriental 7,515
3 Sugbongcogon Misamis Oriental 9,226
4 Don Victoriano Chiongbian Misamis Occidental 10,183
5 Panaon Misamis Occidental 10,209
6 Concepcion Misamis Occidental 10,937
7 Balingoan Misamis Oriental 11,051
8 Libertad Misamis Oriental 12,354
9 Sagay Camiguin 12,626
10 Tagoloan Lanao del Norte 13,253

                                  * Excluding Cagayan de Oro City and Iligan City

  • Of the 2,022 barangays in Region X, the largest in terms of population size is Carmen in Cagayan de Oro City, Misamis Oriental with 70,492 persons. It was followed by Lapasan in Cagayan de Oro City, Misamis Oriental (43,611) and Poblacion in the City of Valencia, Bukidnon (35,793). The rest of the top ten most populous barangays in the region are located in Cagayan de Oro City and Iligan City. Refer to Table 7.
Table 7. Top Ten Most Populous Barangays: Region X - Northern Mindanao, 2015
Rank Barangay City/Municipality/Province Population
1 Carmen Cagayan de Oro City, Misamis Oriental 70,492
2 Lapasan Cagayan de Oro City, Misamis Oriental 43,611
3 Poblacion City of Valencia, Bukidnon 35,793
4 Kauswagan Cagayan de Oro City, Misamis Oriental 35,069
5 Balulang Cagayan de Oro City, Misamis Oriental 34,793
6 Bulua Cagayan de Oro City, Misamis Oriental 32,348
7 Tubod Iligan City, Lanao del Norte 31,913
8 Camaman-an Cagayan de Oro City, Misamis Oriental 30,927
9 Bugo Cagayan de Oro City, Misamis Oriental 30,893
10 Canito-an Cagayan de Oro City, Misamis Oriental 27,815

 

Download: Total Population by City, Municipality, and Barangay of Region X - Northern Mindanao

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Previous Releases

Philippine Population (1990-2015)

Annual Growth Rates

Reference Period Annual Growth Rate*
2010-2015 1.72
2000 - 2010 1.90
1990-2000 2.34
*Annual growth rate for the Philippines in percent.

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Population and Housing Census Division 
National Censuses Service
 R.Ludovice@psa.gov.ph   (02) 376-1903