Glossary of Terms

Iodine Deficiency Disorder (IDD)

A range of health consequences or abnormalities of the body resulting from a prolonged lack or insufficient intake of iodine, ranging from simple goiter to cretinism, which is a condition of severely stunted physical and mental growth

Notes: Latest WHO/ UNICEF/ ICCIDD standards for IDD is for 1972 Age groups covered include 6-12 years old, pregnant and lactating women. Biochemically, iodine deficiency is manifested by low iodine concentration in the urine

Reference: FNRI

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 10 - Series of 2008 approved: 6/11/2008


Iron Deficiency Anemia (IDA)

A condition that occurs when the amount of iron absorbed by the body is too small to meet the body’s demands, which may be due to insufficient iron intake, reduced bioavailability of dietary iron, chronic blood loss, and/or increased iron requirements, as occurring during pregnancy or the period of growth, with the hemoglobin level

Notes: Latest WHO standards for hemoglobin level is for 1972 Concentration below normal is associated with the final stage of anemia

Reference: FNRI

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 10 - Series of 2008 approved: 6/11/2008


Live birth

The complete expulsion or extraction from the mother of a product of conception, irrespective of the duration of pregnancy, which after such separation, breathes or shows any other evidence of life, such as beating of the heart, pulsation of the umbilical cord, or definite movement of voluntary muscles, whether or not the umbilical cord has been cut or the placenta is attached

Notes: Each product of such a birth is considered live born

Reference: UNSD, 2011

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 7 - Series of 2012 approved: 6/1/2012


Low Birthweight

A condition where the weight of an infant at birth is less than 2.5 kilograms or 2500 grams

Reference: FNRI

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 10 - Series of 2008 approved: 6/11/2008


Malnutrition

A pathological state, general or specific, resulting from a relative or absolute deficiency or excess in the diet of one or more essential nutrients, which may be manifested clinically or detectable by physical, biochemical and/or functional signs

Notes: There are several forms of malnutrition: undernutrition, specific nutrient deficiency, overnutrition and imbalance.

Reference: FNRI

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 10 - Series of 2008 approved: 6/11/2008


Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR)

the ratio between the number of women who died (for reasons of pregnancy, childbirth and puerperium) to the number of reported livebirths in a given year, expressed as the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births.

Reference: 2006 IACHNS
 
Board Resolution: Resolution No. 8 - Series of 2006
approved: 5/22/2006

Mean Age at Death

the arithmetic average of the ages at death occurring in a population during a given year

Reference: 2006 IACHNS

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 8 - Series of 2006 approved: 5/22/2006


Median Age at Death

the median of the ages at death occurring in a population during a given year which divides the total number of deaths in a population classified by age into equal halves.

Reference: 2006 IACHNS

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 8 - Series of 2006 approved: 5/22/2006


Micronutrient Malnutrition

A condition resulting from a deficiency of supply to the tissues of micronutrients, notably vitamin A, iron, and iodine, arising from a deficiency in the diet, losses from the body, or improper utilization of food

Reference: FNRI

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 10 - Series of 2008 approved: 6/11/2008


Morbidity

the frequency of disease and illness, injuries, and disabilities in a population

Reference: 2006 IACHNS

Board Resolution: Resolution No. 8 - Series of 2006 approved: 5/22/2006


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