The NDPS/MFS 2016 is a general population survey that allows for a direct comparison of the needs and barriers faced by groups with differing levels of disability, including people without a disability. It adopts the Model Disability Survey (MDS) grounded in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), and defines disability as the outcome of the interaction between a person’s health related status and the physical, human-built, attitudinal and sociopolitical environment in which the person lives. Disability is, therefore, not solely the result of an internal attribute of the person due to impairments (e.g., lack of a limb) or specific health conditions (e.g., down syndrome). In the MDS, disability is also defined as a continuum, ranging from no disability to very high levels of disability. Disability is therefore a matter of degree, and the experience of disability is diverse and universal.