Construction Statistics from Approved Building Permits for Year 2013 (Final Results)

Reference Number: 


Release Date: 

Monday, September 29, 2014

TABLE A  Comparative Construction Statistics

 2013 and 2012

(Details may not add up to total due to rounding)

Type of Construction









Floor Area (sq.m.)



Value (PHP '000)








Floor Area (sq.m.)



Value (PHP '000)



Average Cost per Floor Area

9,785 9,196






Floor Area (sq.m.)



Value (PHP '000)



Average Cost per Floor Area

13,150 9,923




5,184 5,768

Floor Area (sq.m.)

686,627 1,012,542

Value (PHP '000)

6,070,505 7,761,464

Average Cost per Floor Area

8,841 7,665






Value (PHP '000)




Construction projects drop slightly in 2013

  1. Total number of construction projects nationwide, generated from building permits approved by local building officials, was recorded at 120,775 in 2013. This reflects a decline of 276 construction projects (0.2 %) from 121,051 construction projects recorded in 2012.
  1. Residential constructions rose slightly by 0.5 percent to 87,767 from 87,347 in 2012. Among residential construction, only apartment/accessoria-type building showed an increase in number posted at 10.7 percent. All other types of residential construction recorded a decrease in the number of construction projects.  
  1. Non-residential construction numbering to 14,622 dropped by 8.3 percent from 15,952 construction projects in 2012. The decline in number was brought by the decrease in construction of agricultural (-31.0%), industrial (-7.0%), commercial (-4.9%), and other non-residential (-34.5%) structures.
  1. Additions to existing structures with 5,184 projects fell by 10.1 percent compared to 5,768 projects in 2012. On the other hand, alterations and repairs of existing structures surged 10.2 percent to 13,202 from 11,984 recorded a year ago. Figure 1 compares the number of construction projects by type for years 2013 and 2012.

  1. By region, the top five regions accounted for about two-thirds (65.7%) of the total construction projects, led by Region IVA (CALABARZON) with 31,340 projects or 25.9 percent of the total. National Capital Region (NCR) followed with 13,948 (11.5%) projects. Region 7 (Central Visayas), recording the most number of construction projects in the Visayas area, ranked third with 13,168 (10.9%) projects. Region 3 (Central Luzon) placed fourth with 12,025 (10.0%) projects. Region 11 (Davao Region), the largest count in the Mindanao area, ranked fifth with 8,916 (7.4%) projects.   
  1. For areas outside NCR, the top ten provinces comprised about half (45.5%) of the total number of construction projects. Cavite remained highest in terms of the number of construction projects with 13,447 or 11.1 percent of the total. Laguna ranked a far second with 6,158 construction projects (5.1%). Cebu followed next with 5,804 (4.8%) construction projects. Batangas and Davao Del Sur placed fourth and fifth with respective shares of 5,380 (4.5%) and 5,316 (4.4%) construction projects. Other provinces in the top ten were as follows:
  • Bulacan with 4,388, (3.6%)
  • Rizal with 4,234, (3.5%)
  • Negros Oriental with 4,122, (3.4%)
  • Bohol with 3,086, (2.6%)
  • Pampanga with 3,011 (2.5%)
  1. Among the top ten provinces, Cebu posted the largest cut in the number of construction projects, about 21.3 percent lower than the 7,377 construction projects registered in 2012. This was followed by Bulacan, recording a decrease of 20.4 percent from 5,512 projects in 2012.
  1. Also, the same set of provinces was in the top ten in 2012 except for Misamis Oriental which was displaced by Pampanga in 2013. Figure 2 presents the distribution of number of construction projects by region in 2013.


Value of construction projects rises by 12.0 percent

  1. Despite a drop in the number of construction projects in 2013, total value of construction rose 12.0 percent reaching PHP293.1 billion from PHP261.8 billion recorded in 2012.
  1. Value of residential construction, accounting for about half (45.6%) of the total value of construction was estimated at PHP133.8 billion. This represents a growth of 6.3 percent from previous year’s value of PHP125.9 billion.    
  1. Similarly, value of non-residential building construction amounting to PHP135.2 billion, surged 20.6 percent compared with PHP112.1 billion registered in 2012.
  1. Furthermore, value of alterations and repairs of existing structures estimated at PHP18.1 billion, increased by 12.4 percent from PHP16.1 billion recorded in 2012.
  1. On the other hand, value of addition to existing structures slumped 21.9 percent to PHP6.1 billion from PHP7.8 billion registered in 2012.  Figure 3 compares the value of construction by type of building for 2013 and 2012.

  1. Across the country, combined construction value of the top five regions amounting to PHP243.6 billion accounted for 83.1 percent of the total. NCR, ranking second in number of construction projects, consistently remained highest in terms of the value of construction estimated at PHP122.6 billion 41.8 percent of the total. CALABARZON distantly followed with construction value of PHP59.8 billion (20.4%). Davao Region came next with construction value of PHP22.5 billion (7.7%). Central Visayas and Central Luzon with PHP20.3 billion (6.9%) and PHP18.4 (6.3%), placed fourth and fifth, respectively.


Average cost of residential construction up 6.4 percent

  1. In 2013, total value of residential building construction was estimated at PHP133.8 billion with a total floor area of 13.7 million square meters, yielding an average cost of PHP9,785 per square meter in 2013. This figure was 6.4 percent higher than the average cost of PHP9,196 per square meter of the previous year.
  1. Among the residential buildings, single-type recorded the most number of projects with 76,016 or 86.6 percent of the total. Value of construction for this type of dwelling amounted to PHP60.7 billion covering a total floor area of 7.3 million square meters, reflecting an average cost of PHP8,297 per square meter.
  1. Apartment/accessoria distantly followed with 9,985 construction projects representing 11.4 percent of total residential construction. This type of building had an estimated construction value of PHP21.3 billion with total floor area of 2.8 million square meters or an average cost of PHP7,651 per square meter.
  1. Duplex/quadruplex-type residential buildings recorded a total of 1,401 construction projects or 1.6 percent of the total residential construction. Total construction value for this type was PHP2.5 billion and a total floor area of 243.9 thousand square meters, representing an average cost of PHP10,088 per square meter.
  1. Residential condominiums recorded the least number with only 152 construction projects, construction value of PHP49.1 billion and total floor area of 3.3 million square meters, translating to an average cost of PHP14,909 per square meter. Figure 4 displays the distribution of the number and value of residential construction by type in 2013.


Average cost of non-residential construction surges 32.5 percent

  1. Total value of non-residential construction in 2013 reached PHP135.2 billion covering a total floor area of 10.3 million square meters. This translates to an average cost of PHP13,150 per square meter, an increase of 32.5 percent compared with PHP9,923 average cost per square meter posted a year ago.
  1. Among non-residential construction, commercial-type buildings recorded the highest number of projects with 8,700 accounting for 59.5 percent of the total. Value of construction for this type was estimated at PHP75.4 billion, with a total floor area of 6.1 million square meters or an average cost of PHP12,341 per square meter.
  1. Institutional buildings ranked a far second with 2,685 projects or 18.4 percent of the total non-residential construction, with construction value of PHP17.8 billion and total floor area of 1.5 million square meters or an average cost of PHP11,964 per square meter. 
  1. This was followed by industrial buildings with 1,711 projects (11.7%), construction value of PHP38.7 billion and total floor area of 2.3 million square meters or an average cost of PHP16,903 per square meter.
  1. Agricultural buildings made up only 3.81 percent of the total non-residential construction with 557 construction projects. Construction value was estimated at PHP1.4 billion covering a total floor area of 387.0 thousand square meters or an average cost of PHP3,612 per square meter. Figure 5 shows the number and value of non-residential construction by type in 2013.







This Special Release presents the final data series on construction statistics from approved building permits for the year 2013.

The final data set provides updates to the 2013 Quarterly Special Releases on construction statistics. The sources of updates are additional approved building permits collected after cut-off dates because of data collection constraints. These additional documents were not yet available for inclusion in the quarterly tabulation of data on designated target dates.

For this publication, data for the provinces of Basilan (excluding Isabela City), Sulu and Tawi-Tawi, all from the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) are not included in the tabulation as these provinces did not submit any approved building permit document and certification of no construction.

Annual final tables are presented in Tables 1 to 5, while quarterly final tables are presented in Tables 6 to 9.


Scope and Coverage

Construction statistics from approved building permits relate to administrative-based data on new constructions and additions, alterations and repairs of existing residential and non-residential buildings and other structures proposed to be constructed in all cities/municipalities of the country in a specific period.


Sources of Information

Construction statistics are compiled by the Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistics Office (PSA-NSO) from the copies of original application forms of approved building permits as well as from the demolition permits collected every month by PSA-NSO field personnel from the Offices of Local Building Officials (LBOs) nationwide.


Limitations of Data

  1. Data on building constructions refer to those proposed to be constructed during the reference period and not to construction work completed during the reference period.
  1. The completeness of the number of building permits collected relies on the approval of applications filed with the LBOs. Hence, building constructions without approved building permits are excluded in the tabulation of data.


Geographic Classification

Building constructions are classified and presented by geographic area using the Philippine Standard Geographic Classification (PSGC). The geographic codes are in accordance with NSCB Resolution No. 3, Series of 2005 that approved the PSGC.


Industry Classification

Construction statistics utilizes the amended 1994 Philippine Standard Industrial Classification to classify the main activity through the use or type of occupancy of the building.



The number of building permit forms accomplished by the applicant comes in five (5) copies.

The “NSO copy” of the approved building permit is made available within the first five (5) working days after each reference month. Collections of these documents from the LBO in city/municipality are undertaken by PSA-NSO field personnel within this period.

Collected documents for each month are properly checked as to its completeness by verifying the beginning and ending numbers indicated in the permit numbers. Missing numbers are indicated, with corresponding reasons, in the transmittal. In cases where there is no construction in a given month in a municipality, a certification that there was no construction is provided by the LBO to the PSA-NSO field staff.


Data Processing

Data processing of approved building permits is done both manually and mechanically. Copies of documents collected from the offices of LBOs are properly controlled, sorted, edited and coded, folioed and encoded in the PSA-NSO provincial offices. During machine validation, inconsistent and invalid entries which are flagged in an error listing are corrected in the data file. This process is repeated until there are no more inconsistent or erroneous entries found in the error listing. The validated data files are then forwarded to PSA-NSO Central Office for further processing and consolidation of data files for the generation of preliminary tables. Data files received after the cut-off dates of submission set for each quarter are included in the generation of annual tables.

Preliminary results are based from data files that have undergone data processing in the provincial offices and from further verification and evaluation of data at the Central Office. The preliminary tables may be revised to include building permit documents received after the cut-off period for preliminary tabulation. The revision of statistics for a particular quarter is reflected in the annual tables which are considered as the final data.


Statistics Generated

Construction statistics generated from approved building permits provide monthly administrative-based data on building construction at the municipality level nationwide. Statistics generated are the following:

  • number
  • floor area
  • type of construction
  • value of construction


Statistical Tables

The statistical tables are presented at the regional and provincial levels by type of construction and by period according to form of ownership. 


Unpublished Data

Aside from the preliminary tables posted in the PSA-NSO website, annual, quarterly and monthly statistical tables at the municipality level by type of construction and by form of ownership are available at the Industry Statistics Division of the PSA-NSO.

Other special tabulations may also be made available upon request, addressed to the National Statistician, Philippine Statistics Authority, Solicarel Bldg. I, Ramon Magsaysay Blvd. Sta. Mesa, Manila.



Preliminary and final results of construction statistics derived from approved building permits are made public in the form of Special Releases posted in the PSA-NSO website ( 60 days after the reference quarter and nine months after the reference year, respectively. The quarterly Special Releases are reports containing the preliminary results of construction statistics generated 60 days after the reference quarter while the annual Special Release is a consolidated report of the quarterly preliminary data including the revisions made in the preliminary results and data from documents which are submitted after the cut-off dates for each quarter.


Definition of Terms (Adopted from the Revised and Updated IRR of the National Building Code)

Building permit is a written authorization granted by the Local Building Official (LBO) to an applicant allowing him to proceed with the construction of a specific project after plans, specifications and other pertinent documents have been found to be in conformity with the National Building Code (PD 1096).

Building refers to any independent, free-standing structure comprised of one or more rooms or other spaces, covered by a roof and enclosed with external walls or dividing walls, which extend from the foundation to the roof.

Construction refers to all on-site work done from site preparation, excavation, foundation, assembly of all the components and installation of utilities, machineries and equipment of buildings/structures.

Residential building is a building for which its major parts or more than half of its gross floor area is built for dwelling purposes. This type of building can be of the single type, duplex, an apartment and/or accessoria and residential condominium.

Single house is a complete structure intended for a single family or household, i.e. bungalow, 2-storey house, nipa hut.

Duplex house is a structure intended for two households, with complete living facilities for each; it is a single structure divided into two dwelling units by a wall extending from the floor to the ceiling.

Apartment is a structure, usually of two storeys, made up of independent living quarters, with independent entrances from internal walls and courts.

Accesoria is a one or two-floor structure divided into several dwelling units, each dwelling unit having its own separate entrance from the outside.

Residential condominium is a structure, usually of several storeys, consisting of multiple dwelling units.

Other residential construction consists of school or company staff houses, living quarters for drivers and maids, and guardhouses.

Non-residential building includes commercial, industrial, agricultural and institutional buildings.

Commercial buildings refer to office buildings and all buildings which are intended for use primarily in wholesale, retail and service trades; i.e. stores, hotels, restaurants, banks, disco houses, etc.

Industrial buildings are all buildings used to house the production, assembly and warehousing activities of industrial establishments; i.e. factories, plants, mills, repair shops, machine shops, printing press, storage plant, electric generating plants.

Institutional buildings are buildings which primarily engaged in providing educational instructions and hospital/health care; ports, airports and other government buildings; i.e. school, museums, libraries, sanitaria, churches, hospitals.

Agricultural buildings are buildings used to house livestocks, plants and agricultural products such as barn, poultry house, piggeries, stables, greenhouses and grain mill.

Other non-building constructions include cemetery structures, street furniture, waiting sheds, communication towers, etc.

Addition refers to any new construction which increases the height or area of an existing building/structure.

Repair is a remedial work done on any damaged or deteriorated portion/s of a building/structure to restore its original condition.

Renovation is any physical change made on structures to increase the value, quality and to improve the aesthetic.

Alteration is a construction in a building/structure involving changes in the materials used, partitioning and location/size of openings, structural parts, existing utilities and equipment but does not increase the overall area thereof.

Conversion is a change in the use or occupancy of structure or any portion thereof, which has different requirements.

Demolitions refer to the systematic dismantling or destruction of a building/structure, in whole or in part.

Street furniture are street structures consisting of monuments, waiting sheds, benches, plant boxes, lampposts, electric poles and telephone poles.

Floor area of building refers to the sum of the area of each floor of the building measured to the outer surface of the outer walls including the area of lobbies, cellars, elevator shafts and all communal spaces in multi-dwellings. Areas of balconies are excluded.

Total value of construction refers to the sum of the cost of building, electrical, mechanical, plumbing, and others. The value is derived from the approved building permit and represents the estimated value of the building or structure when completed.